Moscow is the capital and largest city of the Russian Federation It is located in the western, European part of the country, and occupies an area of 1097.12 square kilometers. About 11,500,000 inhabitants live in Moscow, and as such it is the most populated city in Europe. The city is located in the great Russian lowland, on the mighty Moskva river.
Arctic and Siberian climatic influences prevail in Moscow, and the average annual temperature is around 5.4 degrees Celsius.
Moscow is one of the oldest cities in Europe. It was first mentioned in 1147, and from the fifteenth century it became the capital of the Russian state. Moscow had that status until 1712, when the capital moved to Petrograd. The importance of the city did not decrease, and Moscow became the center of numerous significant events for the Russian people. In the 1920s, Moscow became the capital of the Soviet Union, and since then it has not lost that status. Today, this is a modern world metropolis, the center of the Russian state, culture, economy, sports and so on.
Numerous cultural and historical monuments confirm the importance of this beautiful city. That is why Moscow is an ideal tourist destination for real enjoyment.
Tourist attractions in Moscow are:
• Red Square is the heart of Moscow, and also the starting location for a city tour. Here are the Lenin Mausoleum, St. Basil’s Church and one of the walls of the Kremlin fortress. The square has a long history, and was first mentioned in the fifteenth century, when a market was established on it. Red Square is one of the most interesting tourist locations in Moscow.
• The Lenin Mausoleum houses the body of the famous Soviet revolutionary Vladimir Ilyich Lenin.
• The Church of St. Basil is an endowment of the Russian Emperor Ivan the Terrible, and was built in the period from 1555 to 1561 . This beautiful building is one of the symbols of the city of Moscow, and today a museum is located here.
• The Kremlin is the most important landmark of Moscow. This architectural wonder is a witness to numerous historical events, and represents the most beautiful example of Russian architecture. Within the Kremlin are the Terem Castle, the Granovita Palace, the Church of the Assumption, the Church of St. Michael, as well as the mausoleum of the emperors. There is also the Spasskaya Tower, one of the most beautiful in all of Moscow. The Kremlin is on the UNESCO World Heritage List, and it is certainly an unmissable tourist destination in the city.
• The Bolshoi Theater is one of the most famous in the world. Beautiful architecture and a perfect artistic program are the main features of this building.
• The Moscow metro is one of the most beautiful metros in the world. The stations are decorated in a rich socialist realist style, with wide columns and massive chandeliers dominating the building.
•Novodevichy Convent was built at the beginning of the sixteenth century, and is in a completely intact state to this day. This is also a fortress, and nearby there is a cemetery where many Russian greats are buried.
• Gorky Park was named after Maksim Gorky. The world-famous park is an ideal place to escape from the noise of the city. There are numerous tourist attractions in it, which are definitely worth visiting.
• The Cathedral of Christ the Savior was built in 1997, on the site of the church of the same name from the nineteenth century, demolished during Stalin’s rule. The original cathedral was a memorial to the victory of the Muscovites over Napoleon, while the second one is dedicated to Moscow’s difficulties in the twentieth century.
• Moscow is known for its very exciting nightlife. Tverska Street has the largest number of clubs and bars. The largest number of Muscovites and tourists come here.
A large number of world-famous restaurants offer the perfect opportunity to enjoy the most beautiful culinary specialties, both Russian and international.
• The charms of Moscow can be seen at every turn, which is why it is impossible to fully describe this city. This is an ideal destination for an ideal vacation.