Prague is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic. It lies on the Vltava River, and about 1.2 million people live there. . In the area of Prague, a moderate – continental climate prevails with an average annual temperature of 12.7 degrees Celsius.
At the end of the ninth century, Prague became the seat of the Czech kings, and later the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire. One of the most important universities in Europe was founded in Prague, and it reached its medieval peak during the reign of Emperor Charles IV. Prague was the scene of numerous important historical events, and it is the birthplace of some of the most important historical figures. The importance of this city is evidenced by the fact that since 1992 the historical center of Prague has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Prague is one of the most beautiful and attractive tourist destinations in Europe, and is visited annually by hundreds of thousands of tourists from all over the world.
Tourist attractions in Prague are:
• Prague Castle and Cathedral of St. Vitus is the largest medieval castle in the world. vIt is one of the most important symbols of the city of Prague. It is located on top of a hill on the left bank of the Vltava River. The castle was the home of German-Roman emperors, kings and presidents. This is an unmissable attraction in Prague.
• Charles Bridge was built in 1357, on the initiative of Emperor Charles IV. It is on the priority list of must-see sights when visiting Prague. The bridge is a gathering place for many artists, street entertainers and souvenir sellers.
• The Dancing House was built between 1992 and 1996, and is located near the Vltava River. The building has a characteristic shape and is one of the most famous attractions in Prague. It represents a miracle of medieval craftsmanship. . It was installed at the beginning of the fifteenth century.
• Wenceslas Square is a symbol of modern Prague, an ideal place for shopping. The square is known for the fact that all significant events of modern Czech history took place there.
• Petrin Hill is a place to escape from the noise of the city. It offers a beautiful view of Prague. Here is the Stefanik Observatory and a memorial center dedicated to the victims of the communist regime. Arrival by cable car is recommended.
• The Loreto Shrine was built in the Baroque style between 1626 and 1750 .
• The National Museum is the oldest museum in the Czech Republic. It houses over 14 million exhibition items, and is one of the best museums in Europe. It is located on Wenceslas Square.
• The Old Synagogue has been active since 1720. . It was built in the Gothic style, and is another wonderful example of Prague architecture.
• Vyšehrad Castle was once a forbidden fortress, and today it is a popular vacation spot. Several famous buildings of Prague are located here.
• Strahov Monastery is located above Petrin Hill, and from this place there is a beautiful view of the city. It was built in 1140 and has a collection of 16,000 books.
• Golden Avenue is a street from the fifteenth century. There are 11 historically significant houses here, which are now used as museums. They display medieval weapons and clothing, and are also suitable for buying souvenirs.
• There are numerous other cultural and historical sights in Prague, which can only be adequately described by visiting this beautiful city.
• There are many restaurants and cafes in Prague, which offer the best traditional specialties and the best Czech beers. Shopping centers and shops are ideal places for shopping in the capital.