Venice is a city located in the northeastern part of Italy, on the coast of the Adriatic Sea, and is the capital of the province of Veneto and the district of Venice. It covers an area of 412 square kilometers, and about 270,500 inhabitants live in it. Venice is the eleventh largest city in Italy. This is a unique city in the world. It lies on 118 islands, and is located at the confluence of the Brenta River with the Venetian Lagoon. Due to its authenticity, it is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The Mediterranean climate prevails in the area of Venice, with a significant influence of the continental climate. Summers are milder and winters harsher than in other parts of Italy
Venice is one of the most important European cities in terms of its history. The area of the city was inhabited since prehistoric times, and during antiquity, the Veneti tribe lived here, after whom Venice got its name. . Later this region was conquered by the Romans. The real history of Venice begins at the beginning of the Middle Ages. The city began to develop rapidly in the period from the ninth to the twelfth century, and then Venice became a real European trading power. The Venetian or Venetian Republic ruled the seas for centuries, and intervened in numerous dramatic events that shook Europe. Venice experienced its decline in 1797, when Napoleon’s troops marched into it. After that, the city remained in the hands of the Habsburg Monarchy, and this state lasted until 1866 . Then Venice became part of the young Kingdom of Italy.
Today, Venice is one of the favorite tourist destinations for hundreds of thousands of visitors from all over the world.
Tourist attractions in Venice are:
• The Basilica of St. Mark is located in the square of the same name, and is one of the most dominant buildings in Venice. . Its construction began at the beginning of the ninth century, in honor of Saint Mark, whose remains were smuggled out of Egypt by Venetian merchants. The church has the shape of a Greek cross, and was built on the model of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. On the facade of the church are copies of four bronze horses, which were stolen from Constantinople by the crusaders in 1204 . Because of its lavish interior, Napoleon described St. Mark’s Basilica as the “salon of Europe.
• Ca’ d’Oro (Palazzo Santa Sofia) , or the Golden House, is a beautiful palace located on the Grand Canal, known for its lavishly decorated facade with golden elements. Its construction was ordered by the famous Venetian Contarini family, known for the large number of Venetian Doge’s they gave. The palace was built in Venetian Gothic, which is a mixture of Gothic, Byzantine art and Moroccan influence in Spain. It changed owners several times, and today it houses the famous Galleria Giorgio Franchetti.
• The Rialto Bridge was built at the end of the sixteenth century with the aim of replacing the old bridge on the Grand Canal. The designer of the bridge was the architect Antonio da Ponte. Its construction lasted three years, from 1588 to 1591. Today, there are jewelry and souvenir shops on the bridge. The Rialto Bridge is the most famous and most important bridge on the Venetian canals.
• The Doge’s Palace (Palazzo Ducale) is an unmissable attraction in Venice. In its place there was a building from the ninth century, and the palace got its present form during the fourteenth century. This building is a symbol of Venetian power and wealth, and it primarily served as the seat of the Venetian government, and the residence of the Doge. It was built in the Venetian Gothic style, and the interior dates from the sixteenth century, and is designed in the Renaissance style. Since 1923, the palace has housed a museum.
• The Bridge of Sighs is one of the most famous bridges in Venice. According to legend, it got its name from the sighs of lovers who would kiss on it during sunset. In reality the story is much different. The bridge was built in the seventeenth century, with the intention of connecting the Doge’s Palace, where the old prison was then, and the Palazzo delle Prigioni, where the new prison was opened. Prisoners crossing the bridge sighed for one last glimpse of freedom.
• Santa Maria della Salute is a church whose construction began in the thirties of the seventeenth century, as a sign of gratitude to the Virgin Mary for ending the plague epidemic. Construction took 50 years, and it was consecrated in 1681 . It is a beautiful octagonal shape with large domes, and it is stylistically made in a combination of classical and Byzantine art. The interior of the church is decorated with numerous important works of art. This is one of the most visited buildings in Venice.
• St. Mark’s Tower is the tallest building in Venice. It was built in the ninth century, and reaches a height of 97 meters. it offers a wonderful view of the city and St. Mark’s Cathedral.
• • Ca’ Rezzonico Palace is a Baroque building located on the right bank of the Grand Canal. It was built from 1660 to 1750, and today it houses the museum of Venice from the eighteenth century.
• Visitors to Venice must go on a tour of the city on the famous gondolas. Venice is a city in whose squares all events take place. There are a large number of cafes and restaurants on them, and in them visitors can enjoy the unusual ambience and surroundings. Venice also offers a rich nightlife, with numerous clubs hosting world-famous performers. There are also pizzerias, and Venice is known for its famous pizza masters. This is a city of art, culture and luxury, but also of great and unforgettable fun and enjoyment. Venice is truly a great destination for a perfect trip.